Most schools both public and private include disabled students, depending on their disability. Those students have issues that make it harder for them to concentrate, learn, speak, or even have friends.
The disabilities can be caused by many different problems including emotional issues, psychiatric disorders, behavioral problems, physical disabilities and so on. Public schools offer services for disabled students.
Since they are mixed with other kids without disabilities, a number of federal laws were created to make sure that these kids have rights and security. Students with disabilities are protected by three primary federal laws. You can find full service law firm which will give you all the details below.
Laws for disabled students
- The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
- Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
- The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Now, different states in the US have different criteria for students that have disabilities, so it’s very important that they know them, as well as their parents that should be aware of every law in their area.
What are the federal laws for disabled students?
The IDEA or the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act is the law that deals with the special educational needs and services for children with disabilities. Children that fall under this laws have to have one of the following issues:
- Metal retardation
- Serious emotional problems
- Blindness and deafness
- Brain Injury
- Learning disabilities
- Physical disabilities
- Serious health issues
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act ensures that the children with disabilities attend schools like normal kids and discrimination of any type is not allowed. This act is detailed and it talks about every activity and program for disabled children funded by the government.
We are talking about little details like tests without a time limit, easier homework tasks, seats in front of the classroom and so on. You can find a good corporate lawyer in Miami which will explain these laws in detail.
Students that fall under the Section 504 have lighter disabilities than those who are protected by the IDEA. This section protects all students that are limited or impaired in any way and can’t finish some activities like other children. That includes learning and development.
The ADA protects all students who experience any form of disabilities. The law makes sure that these children have the option to go to the same school as other kids, as well as a number of programs designed for them. Discrimination is punishable by law.
What can parents do?
Federal and state laws make sure that children with disabilities are treated the same as other kids in school. Parents of such children have to be proactive and make sure that their kids are treated as they should be in school. The process is not easy and some parents don’t know where to turn for help. There are three things you can do as a parent in case any of these laws are broken.
- Ask for copies of Section 504 at school and point out the problems.
- Contact the US Department of Education Office of Civil Rights Regional Office and ask for their help in educating your school.
- Hire a lawyer and pursue the school legally.
If the school refuses to follow the IDEA and ADA, you should look for a school that has no problems with disabled kids and you can sue them as well.